Morning Sickness & Hyperemesis Gravidarum during pregnancy

Morning Sickness & Hyperemesis Gravidarum during pregnancy

During the first few months of pregnancy, and sometimes even longer, it's very typical to feel ill. Despite its name, morning sickness is a condition that can strike at any time of day. Hyperemesis Gravidarum is the term for severe illness (HG).

Pregnancy hormones are most likely the cause of morning sickness. The early stages of pregnancy are marked by a rapid increase in your body's hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) levels.

Morning sickness is the term given to pregnancy sickness since it is usually at its worst right after waking up. On the other hand, during pregnancy, nausea or vomiting might strike at any time of day.

During the first 12 weeks (first trimester), morning sickness typically gets worse. It normally goes away by weeks 16 to 20 of pregnancy, though some women may experience it for longer.

There is no greater risk to your infant from morning sickness.

Some worry because they are not experiencing morning sickness. They might believe that they have a lower chance of miscarrying or that their pregnancy is not robust enough in some other way. That is untrue.

Everybody experiences pregnancy symptoms differently. Not everyone will throw up or feel ill.

How can I manage morning sickness? 

Unfortunately, there isn't a miracle treatment for morning sickness. However, there are a few items that a lot of people have found useful. You may attempt:

  • Eating small, frequent meals—six small meals rather than three large ones—
  • Resting—pregnancy sickness can worsen when you're exhausted. Try to get some rest if you're not feeling well.
  • Avoid foods high in sugar or saturated fats—this includes chocolate, sweets, and red meat.
  • Eating carbohydrates—bread, rice, potatoes, and pasta are easy to eat when you're feeling queasy.
  • Avoiding "triggers”—you might find that eating or even smelling certain foods can make you feel queasy.
  • Having a small snack before bedtime—dry toast, crackers, or a plain biscuit is great for lining your stomach before you start your day.
  • Consuming ginger-flavored foods or beverages; there is some proof that items like ginger tea, crystallised ginger, or ginger biscuits can make you feel a bit less nauseated.
  • Using plastic acupressure bracelets all day. These may be found in most pharmacies and work by pressing a plastic button on the wrist's acupressure point, which may help lessen nausea.

If I become sick in the morning at work, what should I do?

It can be difficult to deal with morning sickness at work, particularly if you're not ready to disclose your pregnancy to others.

Some women find that symptoms like morning sickness are too hard to hide, so they choose to inform their employer about their pregnancy earlier than intended.

It's possible that this wasn't the right time for you to break the news, but at least your employer can now assist you.

To determine whether working there puts you or your unborn child at risk, all employers are required to do a risk assessment with you. They have to remove any dangers by making appropriate modifications. This may entail adjusting your working hours.

Once your employer is aware of your pregnancy, pregnancy-related discrimination cannot cause you to be treated unfairly. Any pregnancy-related illness must be documented separately by your employer in order to prevent it from being used against you in the event of disciplinary action, layoffs, or termination.

How do I manage Hyperemesis Gravidarum(HG)?

Pregnancy can safely be treated with a number of medications, such as antiemetic medications, vitamins B6 and B12, steroids, or a mix of these. Take no HG medicine without first consulting a doctor or midwife.

If you are unwell and unable to control your illness, you may need to be admitted to the hospital for treatment. After evaluating your health, your doctor will determine the best course of action for both you and your unborn child. If necessary, they can give you intravenous (straight into a vein) fluids and medications to help you stay hydrated.

Blood clots with Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Although it's uncommon, there's an elevated chance of blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) due to HG's ability to produce dehydration.

If you are dehydrated and unable to move around, there is treatment available to prevent blood clots.

Will my baby suffer from Hyperemesis Gravidarum?

If you get the correct care, it's unlikely that having HG will affect your unborn child negatively. But if medication makes you lose weight when you're pregnant, there's a bigger chance your kid won't be as big as predicted (have a low birth weight).

Control Hyperemesis Gravidarum symptoms

You may experience emotional and physical side effects from having HG. If you were expecting to feel happy during your pregnancy, you could feel as though it takes away all of the joy.

Being extremely ill can be draining and difficult to handle. If you must stay at home, you can have feelings of loneliness or worry about how long you will feel awful. These emotions can make it difficult to take care of your mental health and may even be the precursor to more severe conditions like depression and anxiety.

If you are finding it difficult to manage your mood or your symptoms, speak with your doctor or midwife.